substitution cipher implementation using Python – **You want to develop a secret communication method with your friend. One day, you read a book about a simple substitution cipher and you want to implement it by using Python.**

The logic of substitution cipher implementation using Python is easy. Your friend and you came up with the following naive substitution algorithm.

That is, you swap characters “a” with “c”, “d” with “q”, “i” with “m”, and “t” with “y”. Other characters leave unchanged.

Based on your algorithm, a plaintext “raymond” will be encrypted as “rctionq”.

**Implement the encryption algorithm and named your function as encrpt. Take one argument as the input and one argument contains the key pairs. You only require to handle lowercase character.**

A two-dimension array is used to represent the key-value pairs.

`keys = [["a", "c"], ["c", "a"], ["d", "q"], ["i", "m"], ["m", "i"], ["q", "d"], ["t", "y"], ["y", "t"]]`

You can access the first key pair by `keys[0]`

In [ ]:

keys=[["a", "c"], ["c", "a"], ["d", "q"], ["i", "m"], ["m", "i"], ["q", "d"], ["t", "y"], ["y", "t"]] keys[0]

Out[ ]:

['a', 'c']

The first key can be obtained by `keys[0][0]`

In [ ]:

keys[0][0]

Out[ ]:

'a'

The first value of key “a” can be obtained by `keys[0][1]`

In [ ]:

keys[0][1]

Out[ ]:

'c'

The last pair of key can be obtained by the following example code:In [ ]:

last=len(keys)# last = 8print(keys[(last-1)])# the first index is 0, the last index is 7. and this will give you a list of ["y", "t"]# assign the last keypair to a variable named temptemp=keys[(last-1)] print(temp)# it will give you the same ouput as aboveprint(temp[0])# "y"print(temp[1])# "t"

['y', 't'] ['y', 't'] y t

*You can test your function by checking the following input-output pairs.*

Input: “raymond”

Ouput: “rctionq”

Input: “peter is a good guy”

Output: “peyer ms c gooq gut”

**if you really can’t use a flexible way to implement the code, you can forget about the keys variable and use if-else statements to complete it**In [11]:

# implementationkeys=[["a", "c"], ["c", "a"], ["d", "q"], ["i", "m"], ["m", "i"], ["q", "d"], ["t", "y"], ["y", "t"]] input="raymond"defencrypt(input, keys): output=""# Write your code below:forcininput:forkinkeys:ifc==k[0]: c=k[1]breakoutput+=creturnoutput

In [12]:

# Test your functionencrypt("raymond", keys)

Out[12]:

'rctionq'

If you have another efficient method, please share the comment section.

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